Why maritime spatial plan (MSP) for the Pomeranian Bight?

The first transboundary maritime spatial plan on the Baltic Sea (and probably worldwide!) will cover the area of Pomeranian Bight between Poland, Germany, Denmark and Sweden, around the island of Borholm. The international working group will propose solutions for crossborder issues such as shipping routes, offshore windfarms, nature protection and fishery. Such a bottom-up initiative can show a way of how such problems can be adressed and solved.

Planning area and main issues / conficts

The area of the Pilot Project Pomeranian Bight / Arkona Basin comprises shares of territorial sea as well as of the EEZ of four countries: Denmark, Sweden, Poland and Germany.
The project area encompasses ca. 14.100 sqkm - its outlines defined by a line running from Southwestern Bornholm southwards to the Wolin peninsula at the western coast of the Polish County of Zachodniopomorskie, westward to Germany / Mecklenburg-Vorpommern along the coast of peninsula Usedom and the island of Rügen to its northernmost headland - Arkona, and then North to and along the Southern coast of Skane in Sweden, finally crossing the Traffic Separation Scheme/IMO Shiproute Bornholms Gat back to Bornholm.

This layout will give the project partners a wide range of topics, problems and conflicts to address and solve by means of Maritime Spatial Planning: heavy maritime traffic - transit as well as to port destinations in the area and ferry links, i.e. to and from Stralsund, Sassnitz/Mukran, Swinoujscie, Ystad and Rönne, steadyly increasing demand and claims for uses such as Offshore Wind Energy, sand and gravel extraction, mining, laying of pipelines and submarine cables (data and energy) - while set in a fragile natural environment, with large Special Areas of Conservation and Special Protection Areas already designated under the EU Habitats and Birds Directives. A strong tourism sector in all coastal areas and attempts to push industrial development (i.e. port development, industry related to energy production and fuel transports) add to the challenging range of influencing factors to be considered.

Approach / Activities

Pomeranian Bight pilot project will beconducted according the BaltSeaPlan 9-Steps approach. Implementation (Step 8.) in at least some of the participating countries is envisaged.

Until now the following steps have been carried out:
  1.  Defining legal framework and responsibilities
  2. Compilation of general MSP principles (from the case of Western Gulf of Gdansk)
  3. Development of general principles for pilot project as preamble for further work: a) criteria to be met, use by use, considering existing rules and b) recommendations following sectoral analysis (considering strategies, criteria, parameters)
  4. Overview of types / formats of designations in German Maritime Spatial Plans
Data collection and compilation in the central database started. Moreover, a stakeholder questionnaire has been prepared and sent to key stakeholders in the area.




http://www.baltseaplan.eu/img/41686_Gdynia_10_2009.JPG http://www.baltseaplan.eu/img/41686_IMGP0304.JPG http://www.baltseaplan.eu/img/41686_BSP_JanFidler_Stettin_16112009.JPG